Challenges in integrating freight logistics of urban nodes into network corridors have a multi-dimensional character.

Not only network issues of the (freight logistic) transport and mobility system have to be considered, but also spatial issues related to urban vitality (socio-economic development, spatial and environmental quality and liveability). In short-term and long-term development, integration will need to address value creation and capturing issues, multi-level governance and institutional issues, and issues related to implementation.

The Vital Nodes approach builds upon the proven Networking for Urban Vitality (NUVit),a successful approach for addressing these challenges through spatial and infrastructure integration. It takes the full A-S-I approach into account

Avoid transport needs

by integrated planning, e.g. Transit Oriented Development

Shift transport modes

from car to other modes of transport

Improving transport means

making it more sustainable via electric mobility, other fuels

During the course of the project, the work at the urban nodes will transport the NUVit approach and create the Vital Nodes approach. After the first workshops in the pilot city Vienna and the Tier 1 cities, Vital Nodes will publish the first draft of the dedicated Vital Nodes approach. It will take multiple dimensions explicitly into account ensuring the incorporation of the diverse features and problematics of the urban nodes.


The Vital Nodes approach integrates of six dimensions of mobility, land-use and infrastructure planning to exploit synergy effects. The integration goes beyond SUMPs (Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan) and takes regional and (inter)national mobility and infrastructure networks and broader spatial opportunities into account. It is based on the NUVit conceptual model which has been developed and checked on basis of analysis of cases, workshops and group discussions with international experts.


Spatial concepts with synergetic effects on accessibility

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Multimodal network optimisation at various spatial scales

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Time linkages and shift to strategy driven planning

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Combined value creation and capturing

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Organisational empowerment for integrated planning

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Implementation drivers for integrated planning

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VN Spatial Scales

Vital Nodes approach focuses on integrating land-use and infrastructure planning, as both planning sectors can have considerable impact on each other. The transport system affects a region’s accessibility, which affects the planning of land-use in that region and the activities that will take place. This in turn will affect mobility and subsequently the further development of the transport system, thereby starting a new cycle, also known as the Land Use, Transport Feedback Cycle.

The Vital Nodes approaches the Transport Feedback Cycle.


Intra-urban locations


(TEN-T) corridors


Multimodal network optimization at various spatial scales