Multimodal network optimisation at various spatial scales

This dimension aims at establishing the main parameters of specific transport systems (multimodality, land-use transport integration) in relation to spatial functions and spatial density. Different levels of spatial scales are relevant: corridors at (inter)national level, daily urban systems at metropolitan level and landscaping at local level

This dimension relates to multimodal network optimisation at various geographical scales: corridors at (inter)national level, Daily Urban Systems at metropolitan level and landscaping at local level.

The two dimensions

The network dimension relates to two scales:

Urban logistics

This includes urban vehicle access regulation schemes; low emission zones; congestion charging; off hour deliveries; logistics schemes for e-commerce; green and efficient urban logistics vehicles; use of IT (e.g. time windows, load factor, low emission zones, cargo bikes, urban consolidation centres); and

Long distance freight

This includes the main function of a node (freight, passengers transport), type of logistics (service/industry, freight function (throughput/transfer, first-/last-mile), complexity of logistics activities (e.g. level of Value Added Logistics (VAL)/Value Added Services (VAS) activities, size of freight flows), type of freight (long distance, share of container/bulk). More in general, the network dimension relates to transport modes’ seamless interconnections between infrastructures (at different levels; not only at the beginning and end of freight logistic chains but also in the intermediate connections, corridors for creating robust connectivity), optimising the use of existing infrastructures (traffic and mobility management, ITS; IT and data management), network analysis (multi-modal modelling) and improvement of network linkages ((re)development of infra links).