Time dimension: Time linkages and shift to strategy driven planning

This dimension aims at linking the stages in a full life-cycle of places (this also relates to renewal, redevelopment, circular economy/cradle-to-cradle (C2C) and asset management), examining paradigms and temporal changes associated with changing lifestyles and linkages to mobility and accessibility. It also consists of an analysis and review of time linkages for strategy development – regarding the analysis of development of transport infrastructure systems, transitions to multi-modality.

This dimension relates to linking the planning stages in a full life cycle. This asks for an examination of changes in use (new development, renewal, redevelopment), of changing lifestyles and their linkages to mobility (changing use of transport modes), of metabolic potentials (circular economy/cradle-to-cradle concepts, asset management, alternative fuels), and of linkages to mobility and accessibility (changing flows of people and goods).

These analyses help to determine time linkages for a strategy development for transitions towards multi-modality and integration with land-use. More specifically regarding freight and logistics aspects the time dimension is mainly related to policies (e.g. urban access regulations; time windows and low emission zones), interactions between infrastructure and logistics (synchromodality, optimally flexible and sustainable deployment of different transport modes in a network for logistic operators) and logistics transport service providers’ behaviour (logistics is a time-critical transport discipline, time is of essential value in business models: the value of time is high in relation to 24/7 operations and just-in-time delivery). E-commerce, as a fast-growing market segment, representing a more important market share. This is reflected in the physical-spatial reality by growing flows at corridor as well as the peri-urban and intra-urban level that ask for new approaches from policy makers, and innovative developments from transport practitioners.